Something that I have always tried to instill in my students is a healthy skepticism of the abilities of the spell-checker. Having a button that will catch most spelling mistakes in a document is a wonderful thing. It saves time and improves accuracy, both of which are good. But it is far from infallible, and far from perfect.
For example, it will not differentiate ‘their’ from ‘there’ or from ‘they’re’. It will not be able to tell a ‘councillor’ from a ‘counsellor’. It will not be able to tell you that Jack Kerouac was ‘on the road’, not ‘on the rode’. Similarly, it will not tell you that you wrote ‘dog’ when you meant to write ‘god’, which can make for interesting theological discussions. There are many, many examples of such words that sound alike but have completely different meanings, or which are one misplaced keystroke away. If you are lazy with your proof-reading, it is very easy for these errors to slip through into your written work. Even the New York Times is not immune from making such errors.
So how can you avoid these mistakes?
- Most importantly: proof-read your work carefully. By this I do not mean simply skimming over an essay before it is submitted. I mean taking whatever time is necessary to carefully and methodically read through your essay:
- Go word by word. When we read, our eyes naturally skim, taking in several words at once. Try to avoid this when proof-reading, focusing instead on each and every word.
- Many people find it helpful to use some kind of marker (finger, pen, whatever – it doesn’t matter) that moves along under the words as you read. This will help prevent your eyes from jumping ahead
- Remember that you are focusing on accuracy here, not speed – do not try to proof-read in record time!
- When proof-reading make sure that you are armed with the necessary tools and information:
- If your word processor has a grammar-check feature, use it.
- Grammar-checks will catch some, but nowhere near all such errors.
- Grammar-checks can also be deeply annoying, finding errors where there are none, so use it as a tool, but do not let it re-write your essay
- Incidentally I lost a little faith in grammar checkers when one told me that a chapter from my PhD thesis was written at a grade 7 level. That was not encouraging.
- Have someone else proof-read your work
- There is often no substitute for fresh eyes
- If you have written, edited, re-written, proof-read, re-edited, etc., your essay, you will miss mistakes. Having someone look at your work with fresh eyes will usually catch mistakes that you have seen and ignored multiple times. Don’t feel bad about this – it happens all the time and is one of the reasons why authors work with editors
- If you do not want a friend or family member to see your writing, historyhelp.ca offers a proofreading service.
To sum up:
- Be aware that all writers make mistakes – to borrow a line from the Blues Brothers, this includes me, you, them, everybody.
- Before submitting an essay, take the time needed to carefully proof-read it
- Arm yourself with the tools necessary to answer questions about spelling, meaning, and usage of words
- Give your grammar-checker a shot. It may help, it may not
- Have someone proof-read your work for you. If you want a professional opinion, historyhelp.ca can help.